WHS: Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, China

Today’s visit is a little north of Beijing, to a World Heritage Site property that you’ll almost certainly visit if you take a package day trip to the Great Wall:

Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

Ming Tombs

 

The Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties were built between 1368 and 1915 AD in Beijing Municipality, Hebei Province, Hubei Province, Jiangsu Province and Liaoning Province of China. They comprise of the Xianling Tombs of the Ming Dynasty and the Eastern and Western Qing Tombs inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2000; the Xiaoling Tomb of the Ming Dynasty and the Ming Tombs in Beijing added to the inscription in 2003, and the Three Imperial Tombs of Shenyang, Liaoning Province (Yongling Tomb, Fuling Tomb, and Zhaoling Tomb, all of the Qing Dynasty) added in 2004.

The Ming and Qing imperial tombs are located in topographical settings carefully chosen according to principles of geomancy (Fengshui) and comprise numerous buildings of traditional architectural design and decoration. The tombs and buildings are laid out according to Chinese hierarchical rules and incorporate sacred ways lined with stone monuments and sculptures designed to accommodate ongoing royal ceremonies as well as the passage of the spirits of the dead. They illustrate the great importance attached by the Ming and Qing rulers over five centuries to the building of imposing mausolea, reflecting not only the general belief in an afterlife but also an affirmation of authority.

The tomb of the first Ming Emperor, the Xiaoling Tomb broke with the past and established the basic design for those that followed in Beijing, and also the Xianling Tomb of the Ming Dynasty in Zhongxiang, the Western Qing Tombs and the Eastern Qing Tombs. The Three Imperial Tombs of the Qing Dynasty in Liaoning Province (Yongling Tomb, Fuling Tomb, and Zhaoling Tomb) were all built in the 17th century for the founding emperors of the Qing Dynasty and their ancestors, integrating the tradition inherited from previous dynasties with new features from the Manchu civilization.

The Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties are masterpieces of human creative genius by reason of their organic integration into nature, and a unique testimony to the cultural and architectural traditions of the last two feudal dynasties (Ming and Qing) in the history of China between the 14th and 20th centuries. They are fine works combining the architectural arts of the Han and Manchu civilizations. Their siting, planning and design reflect both the philosophical idea of “harmony between man and nature” according to Fengshui principles and the rules of social hierarchy, and illustrate the conception of the world and power prevalent in the later period of the ancient society of China…

That’s scattered across northeast China from the Beijing area to the Korean border:

Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

The Thirteen Ming Tombs complex here in Beijing are the most tourist-friendly we gather, so that makes a good combination day trip yep!

Ming Tombs

There’s 13 Emperors from the first Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) buried in the 80 km² complex, which makes it arguably the most imperial cemetery in the world, and also notably scenic for the way it blends into the landscape.

Make sure you ring the bells while you’re there, apparently it brings you good luck:

Ming Tombs

Personally, we kinda suspect that if we were trying to be quietly dead we’d be annoyed with those live people always bothering us and it’s not good luck we’d be giving them, but apparently dead Chinese Emperors are more congenial than that.

You can’t actually enter any of the tombs, but they do have a solid display of the treasures found inside, and they are pretty treasures indeed, here’s a detail of some of the silk clothing

Ming Tombs

and here is a jade basin. Emperors lived pretty good in these parts!

Ming Tombs

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By themselves the Ming Tombs would probably be worth a trip — but we thoroughly recommend you just grab one of the multitudes of tours that stop there on the way to the Great Wall, definitely reserve a full day of your Beijing visit for that!

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Alex Curylo

Alex

I go places.

Comments

  1. […] efficient way possible; we took one of the scads of day tours from Beijing that visit the Ming Tombs in the morning and take you to the Badaling section of THE WALL in the […]

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